McArt, S. H., D.E. Spalinger, K.M. Kennish, and W.B. Collins.
2006. A modified method for determining tannin-protein precipitation
capacity using accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) and microplate
gel filtration. Journal of Chemical Ecology 32: 1367-1377.
Hobbs, N. T., J. E. Gross, L. A. Shipley, D. E. Spalinger, and
B. A. Wunder. 2003. Herbivore functional response in heterogeneous
environments: a contest among models. Ecology 84:666-681.
Cooper, S.M., M.K. Owens, D.E. Spalinger, and T.F. Ginnett. 2003.
The architecture of shrubs after defoliation and the subsequent
feeding behavior of browsers. Oikos 100: 387-393
Shipley, L. A., A. W. Illius, K. Danell, N. T. Hobbs, and D. E.
Spalinger. 1999. Predicting bite size selection of mammalian herbivores:
a test of a general model of diet optimization. Oikos 84: 55-68.
Etzenhouser, M. J., M. K. Owens, D. E. Spalinger, and S. B. Murden.
1998. Foraging behavior of browsing ruminants in a heterogeneous
landscape. Landscape Ecology 13:55-64.
Spalinger, D. E., S. M. Cooper, D. J. Martin, and L. A. Shipley.
1997. Is social learning an important influence on foraging behavior
in white-tailed deer? Journal of Wildlife Management 61:611-621.
Shipley, L. A., D. E. Spalinger, J. E. Gross, N. T. Hobbs, and
B. A. Wunder. 1996. The dynamics and scaling of foraging velocity
and encounter rate in mammalian herbivores. Functional Ecology
Gross, J. E., C. Zank, N. T. Hobbs, and D. E. Spalinger. 1995.
Movement rules for herbivores in spatially heterogeneous environments:
responses to small scale pattern. Landscape Ecology 10:209-217.
Robbins, C. T., D. E. Spalinger, and W. Van Hoven. 1995. Adaptation
of ruminants to browse and grass diets: are anatomical-based browser-grazer
interpretations valid? Oecologia 103:208-213.
Shipley, L. A., and D. E. Spalinger. 1995. Influence of size and
density of browse patches on intake rates and foraging decisions
of young moose and white-tailed deer. Oecologia 104:112-121.
Shipley, L. A., J. E. Gross, D. E. Spalinger, N. T. Hobbs, and
B. A. Wunder. 1994. The scaling of intake rate in mammalian herbivores.
American Naturalist 143:1055-1082.
Gross, J. E., L. A. Shipley, N. T. Hobbs, D. E. Spalinger, and
B. A. Wunder. 1993. Functional response of herbivores in food-concentrated
patches: tests of a mechanistic model. Ecology 74:778-791.
Spalinger, D. E., C. T. Robbins, and T. A. Hanley. 1993. Adaptive
rumen function in elk (Cervus elaphus nelsoni ) and mule deer
(Odocoileus hemionus hemionus ). Canadian Journal of Zoology 71:601-610.
Shipley, L. A., and D. E. Spalinger. 1992. Mechanics of browsing
in dense food patches: effects of plant and animal morphology
on intake rate. Canadian Journal of Zoology 70:1743-1752.
Spalinger, D. E., and N. T. Hobbs. 1992. Mechanisms of foraging
in mammalian herbivores: new models of functional response. American
Spalinger, D. E., and C. T. Robbins. 1992. The dynamics of particle
flow in the rumen of mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus hemionus)
and elk (Cervus elaphus nelsoni). Physiological Zoology 65:379-402.
Spalinger, D. E., T. Hanley, and C. Robbins. 1988. Analysis of
the functional response in foraging in the sitka black-tailed
deer. Ecology 69:1166-1175.
Spalinger, D., C. Robbins, and T. Hanley. 1986. The assessment
of handling time in ruminants: the effect of plant chemical and
physical structure on the rate of breakdown of plant particles
in the rumen of mule deer and elk. Canadian Journal of Zoology
Hanley, T. A., D. E. Spalinger, K. A. Hanley, and J. W. Schoen.
1985. Relationships between fecal and rumen analyses for deer
diet assessments in Southeastern Alaska. Northwest Science 59:10-16.
Wickstrom, M., C. Robbins, T. Hanley, D. Spalinger, and S. Parish.
1984. Food intake and foraging energetics of elk and mule deer.
Journal of Wildlife Management 48:1285-1301.
Spalinger, D. E. 2000. Nutritional Ecology. Pages 108-139 in S.
Demarais and P. R. Krausman, editors. Ecology and management of
large mammals in North America. Printice-Hall, Upper Saddle River,
Spalinger, D. E. 1994. Foraging behaviour of Cervids: constraints,
adaptations and optimal foraging. Pages 246-261 in J. A. Milne,
editor. Recent developments in deer biology. Macaulay Land use
Research Institute, Aberdeen, UK.
Selected Abstracts and Presentations
Spalinger, D.E., R. G. White and P. Groves. 2002. Comparison
of Rumen Fill and Rate of Passage in Reindeer and Muskoxen Fed
a Common Diet: Digestive Strategies and Competitive Interactions.
53rd Arctic Science Conference, Sept. 2002, Fairbanks, AK.
Owens, M.K. and D. E. Spalinger. 2002. Geostatistical sampling
design for analysis of vegetation patterns in tundra rangelands.
55th Annual Meeting, Society for Range Management, Kansas City,
Spalinger, D.E. and B. Skinner. 2002. Moose foraging constraints:
implications for habitat analysis and population management. Invited
lecture, US Fish and Wildlife Service. Jan. 18, 2002, Anchorage,
Spalinger, D.E. 2001. Why arent moose bigger? Constraints
on the evolution of body size. Invited Seminar, Feb. 23, 2001.
Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks.
Spalinger, D.E. and B. Skinner. 2001. All moose browse is not
created equally available: an example of selective foraging by
moose on the Innoko refuge, Alaska in relation to twig size and
nutritional quality. 52nd Arctic Science Conference, Sept. 2001.
Spalinger, D.E., R.G. White, and P. Groves. 2001. Comparison of
rumen fill and rate of passage in reindeer and muskoxen fed a
common diet: digestive strategy and competitive interaction. 9th
North American Caribou Conference, 23-27 April, 2001. Kuujjuaq,
Spalinger, D.E. 2000. Moose Menus. Science for Alaskans Seminar
Series, Feb. 14, 15, 2000, UAA and UAF
Provenza, F. and Spalinger, D. 1999. Foraging at the scale of
the plant/patch: what have we learned? Plenary Speaker, Symposium
on Ungulate Ecology and Management: Integrating across scales.
Aug. 24-28, 1999. Nelson, B.C.
Owens, M.K., D.E. Spalinger, and R. Harris. 1998. Geostatistical
analysis of reindeer ranges on the Bering Land Bridge National
Preserve. Ecological Society of America, Aug 2-6, Baltimore, Maryland.
Owens, M.K., M.J. Etzenhouser, D.E. Spalinger and S.B. Murden.
1995. Grazing patterns of browsing ruminants in a heterogeneous
landscape. Vth International Rangeland Congress, Salt Lake City,
Spalinger, D.E. and M.K. Owens. 1995. Shrub morphology and grazing:
The effectiveness of induced mechanical defenses. Vth International
Rangeland Congress, Salt Lake City, Utah.
Spalinger, D.E., S.M. Cooper, L.A. Shipley, J.E. Gross and N.T.
Hobbs. 1995. The Architecture of Plants and Its Impact on Foraging
Efficiency in Ungulates: A Theoretical Analysis.2nd International
Arctic Ungulate Conference, 13-17 August, 1995, Fairbanks, AK.
Spalinger, D. E. 1994. Foraging behaviour of Cervids: constraints,
adaptations and optimal foraging. Plenary Speaker, 3rd International
Conference on the Biology of Deer, Aug. 28 - Sept. 4, 1994, Edinburgh,